Ernest Hemingway was born July 21, 1899, in Cicero (now in Oak Park), Illinois. He served in World War 1 as an ambulance driver in the Italian Army, which he portrays in some of his literary works. He also worked as a journalist for the Kansas City Star, where he was able to gain experience in writing which helped him in his later literature.
Hemingway served as an ambulance driver for the Italian Army during World War 1, in where he was awarded an Italian Silver Medal of Bravery. During the war he was injured and sent to a hospital. While recovering from his wounds, Hemingway met a nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, who soon became his fiance. Unfortunately she later left him for another man. This had a deep impact on Hemingway. It caused even more damage to him on top of being at war at a young age. He later returned to America, while still recovering, at the age of 20. He then took a job at the Toronto Star, where he met his first wife, Hadley Richardson.
Around 1928, Hemingway finished his novel about Wold War 1, A Farewell to Arms. This novel secured Hemingway's lasting spot in the literary canon. Hemingway wrote his next novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls, while reporting on the Spanish Civil War. This novel was then nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. While reporting, Hemingway also met Martha Gellhorn, soon to be his third wife. Soon afterward Hemingway and his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, with whom he had a son, divorced. In 1951, Hemingway wrote perhaps his most famous novel, The Old Man and the Sea. This work finally awarded delivered Hemingway his long-sought Pulitzer Prize. He also won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
Unfortunately, Hemingway struggled with many personal issues and depression. He also suffered from conditions like high blood pressure and liver disease. He eventually retired permanently to Idaho. There he continued to struggle with his poor physical and mental health. Sadly, Ernest Hemingway committed suicide on the mourning of July 2, 1961 in his home. He was 61 years old. (1)